If you are born in America that first day you will have much of your future defined by the family into which you have arrived. There are no do-overs or Mulligans.
The first question is this — were you actually born into a family?
As you can see, a substantial portion of babies are not born into a nuclear family — a mother and a father in a stable relationship that will foster the development of a child.
The obvious first impact is that a single-parent household is limited in the number of person hours they can dedicate to child rearing.